On-ground work to help determine crucial issues and actions needed in Nashik
A two day visit was made to Nashik by the ICLEI South Asia team for the project Nashik Sustainable Urban Habitat Action Plan (SUHAP) to validate on the ground the information on energy consumption and critical issues regarding water supply, sewerage, solid waste etc. that had been collected through stakeholder dialogues and from different departments of Nashik Municipal Corporation. The visit was also an opportunity for the team to directly interact with the city residents. As part of this two day trip, the team visited the various divisions of the Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) and a few wards in the area.
The discussion with NMC and ward representatives brought to light some critical issues that needed to be addressed, including faulty drainage system, unaccounted water supply, lack of awareness about hygiene and sanitation, parking problems etc. The discussions with ward level representatives have also helped ICLEI South Asia in arriving at a number of measures that would help NMC overcome these issues and make the city of Nashik more sustainable:
Mr. Gulzar Kokani, corporator, Ward 39 A, when asked about the issues prevalent in his area, commented, “The issues of urban governance and associated carbon footprints can be sorted out to a great extent if the citizens are made aware of the environmental impacts of their activities. I believe that the SUHAP project sponsored by GIZ and implemented by ICLEI South Asia will help in achieving success in addressing these issues. Effective policies at the central level and public awareness at the local level is the key to success. I thank GIZ and ICLEI South Asia to have been working in this direction.”
Nashik is the first city where SUHAP is being pilot tested following the guidelines of Government of India’s National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH). GIZ-IGEP and ICLEI South Asia are providing technical assistance to Nashik Municipal Corporation and other relevant departments for the preparation of SUHAP, which will address both issues of mitigation and adaptation. The key activities involve identification and formation of a core team at the state and city level, preparation of baseline GHG emissions inventory, climate impacts and vulnerability assessments, identification and development of mitigation and adaptation actions and capacity building for the identified institutions to replicate the entire process.
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Vulnerability assessment exercise at Shared Learning Dialogue in Nashik
Experts from ICLEI South Asia, GIZ, the Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC), other relevant departments – MEDA, MSEDCL, local NGOs and representatives from the private sector took part in the 3rd Shared Learning Dialogue which was held in Nashik on 25th October 2013. The programme which was organized as the next step in the preparation of the Sustainable Urban Habitat Action Plan (SUHAP) was conducted in the form of a stakeholder dialogue between officials of the respective departments and the core team.
Nashik city is in the process of preparing a sustainable urban habitat action plan in line with the National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH). With the support of GIZ and ICLEI South Asia, the city is undertaking a climate impact assessment exercise to identify potential risk and adaptation measures to be incorporated in SUHAP, in addition to measures to reduce emissions and improve energy efficiency.
The data analysis and gaps with regards to adaptation and mitigation were discussed with the stakeholders in this programme. The ICLEI South Asia team conducted a vulnerability assessment exercise to identify the vulnerable areas, in terms of Wards, and specific social groups in the city for the impacts on the seven urban systems that were identified in the previous stakeholder consultation; the seven systems are those listed in the NMSH and include: storm water, urban planning, water supply, transportation, sewerage, solid waste management and energy.
Towards the end of the programme, the ICLEI South Asia team shared the analysis of the energy consumption data collected for Nashik city with the stakeholders. The data gaps to complete the GHG inventory for the city were also identified during the discussions and suggested measures to complete the data were given by the stakeholders present.
The ACCCRN toolkit that has been developed by ICLEI and that will be replicated in approximately 40 cities across four countries is also being used in Nashik to develop its sustainable urban habitat action plan.
Climate change risks and impacts identified in Nashik
A climate risks assessment and a prioritization of their impacts was the main focus of the First Stakeholder Consultation that took place in Nashik, on 31 July 2013, as part of the city’s Sustainable Urban Habitat Action Plan (SUHAP). Nashik Municipal Corporation is set to become a sustainable city, in line with the National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH). With the support of GIZ and ICLEI South Asia, the city is thus undertaking a climate impact assessment exercise to identify potential risks and adaptation measures to be incorporated in SUHAP, in addition to measures to reduce emissions and improve energy efficiency.
The first stakeholder consultation, attended by staff from different departments of the Municipal Corporation, other relevant government line departments, local NGOs and foundations, as well as representatives from the private sector, focused on taking the next steps towards developing a climate change adaptation strategy. This was done by using the toolkit developed and tested by ICLEI under the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation.
During the interactive workshop, following a “learning by sharing” approach, the participants pinpointed past hazard events, impacts and responses along a ‘timeline’, and identified the main climate risks the city faces. These analyses, combined with an assessment of positive and negative trends related to the sectors specified in the NMSH, led to a prioritization of the potential impacts of climate change in the city. In the upcoming meetings, the stakeholders group will focus on the development of a Nashik specific climate resilience strategy.
Nashik, India, tackles climate change through SUHAP
On 17 May 2013, Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) hosted the kickoff workshop that launched the Nashik Sustainable Urban Habitat Action Plan (SUHAP) project, proposed by GIZ (German International Cooperation), under the Indo-German Environment Partnership (IGEP) program.
ICLEI-South Asia is supporting GIZ-IGEP in providing technical assistance to NMC, other relevant departments within the city and the state of Maharashtra for the preparation of the SUHAP. Maharashtra Environmental Engineering Training and Research Academy (MEETRA) will support the process and additional Urban Local Bodies in preparing and implementing SUHAPs, thereby strengthening their institutional capacity to address climate change issues.
In the preliminary phase of the plan, a status report will be prepared for all relevant sectors and will include an energy baseline and a green gas houses inventory. After an analysis of this data and an assessment of the impacts of climate change on the various sectors within the corporation, a SUHAP specifically tackling global warming and climate change related issues will then be developed, in line with the Government of India’s “National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH)”.
NMC Commissioner Sanjay Khandare said “Nashik will be the first city in the country to have a Sustainable Urban Habitat Action Plan (SUHAP) based on NMSH. This will benefit the city in reducing pollution and energy consumption.” Mr. Dieter Mutz, Director of GIZ – IGEP, Prof. Usha P Raghupathi from the National Institute of Urban Affairs, Mr. Sameer Unhale, Officer on Special Duty of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), Mr. Ramesh Dhongade, Chairperson of the Standing Committee of NMC and Mr. C.R.Gajbhiye, Superintendent Engineer of MEETRA addressed the stakeholders present at the meeting as well.
ICLEI South Asia encourages other Indian cities to comply with the Government’s “National Mission on Sustainable Habitat” and consider developing their own SUHAP. For more information on the project, click here or write to firstname.lastname@example.org