ICLEI South Asia has begun work on building resilience in two more cities in Bangladesh in May 2016 with the help of the ICLEI ACCCRN Process under the ACCCRN Project supported by Rockefeller Foundation.
The Rockefeller Foundation funded Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), has been working towards helping cities in improving their climate resilience and protecting themselves from projected impacts of climate change. ACCCRN cities from India, Kurseong, Gangtok and Panaji are advancing at a commendable pace towards making themselves more resilient and increasing their capacity to withstand, adapt and recover from climate...
A shared learning dialogue, as part of the Rockefeller Foundation supported Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), was recently held in Panaji city which aimed at discussing the sectors identified to be impacted by climate change. This workshop was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Member of Legislative Assembly, Panaji, Mr. Siddharth Kunkolienkar who emphasised on the need for such a study in order to ensure sustainable development...
A Small Grants Fund has been constituted to support innovative and result-oriented interventions to build resilience in partner cities of Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) in India and Bangladesh. The grant is aimed at encouraging local stakeholders to implement actions in high risk urban systems identified through the ICLEI-ACCCRN Process (IAP). It would provide tangible, financial support for city-community partnerships....
10 Indian cities namely, Leh, Dharamsala, Mandi, Dehradun, Nainital, Panaji, Nashik, Kurseong, Shillong and Gangtok and 3 cities of Bangladesh - Singra, Mongla and Barisal, are currently a part of the Rockefeller Foundation funded Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), working towards improving their climate resilience and protecting themselves from projected impacts of climate change. Following are highlights of the...
Shared Learning Dialogues were organised in Indian cities Dharamsala and Mandi by ICLEI South Asia with the climate core team of Dharamsala and Mandi under the Rockefeller Foundation sponsored Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project on 23rd and 26th of September, 2014. The broad objective of the visit was to execute ICLEI ACCCRN process (IAP) in the cities - Phase II “Climate Research and Impact Assessment” in...
ICLEI ACCCRN Process – Helping cities in strengthening awareness of potential climate risks
Watch out this space for the toolkit which will be released soon!
Cities as centres of economic activities cater to half of the world’s population – and this share is growing. Not only as centres of growth but also as major consumers of resources, urban areas are one of the major emitters of greenhouse gases. In addition, these global emissions are leading to climate change and variability causing adverse impacts at the local level in terms of disruptions and damages to physical, social, economic, and environmental systems. Cities are therefore both the cause and the victims of climate change.
The ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP) has been developed by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability’s South Asia and Oceania offices through involvement with the Rockefeller Foundation supported Asian Cities Climate Change Resilient Network (ACCCRN) program. It enables local governments to assess their climate risks in the context of urbanisation, poverty and vulnerability and formulate corresponding resilience strategies.
With a strong city focus, this toolkit, which was tested in three Indian cities – Shimla, Bhubaneswar, and Mysore - and subsequently used in a range of cities in Indonesia, Bangladesh, the Philippines and India, is targeted at city governments and their role in catalysing community building. It provides a streamlined process that is simple and yet rigorous, and which can be implemented by the cities themselves, with only minimal need for external support. It enables local governments to assess their climate risks, formulate and implement corresponding resilience strategies through a process of shared learning with local stakeholders.
The ICLEI ACCCRN Process has been designed in a step-by-step format, divided into 6 phases:
The toolkit for IAP developed by ICLEI includes tools for up to phase 4 in the process. The cities can use this kit to develop their strategies. Implementation of the strategies are to be undertaken by the local governments through their own funding resources, or by accessing other government or non government funding schemes.
ACCCRN, the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, was initiated in early 2009. It is a network of ten cities in India, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam, experimenting with various activities that together aim at improving the ability of these cities to withstand and prepare for the projected impacts of climate change.
Read more about the South Asian activities of the ACCCRN project here.
Steering Mandi and Dharamsala towards the path of resilience
Cities from the north-west region of India, Mandi and Dharamsala have now begun their journey of building resilience and taking action against the impacts of climate change through the introduction of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network project. A kick-off meeting and a series of introductory meetings had been organised by ICLEI South Asia, which aimed at presenting the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project and briefly introducing the ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP), a toolkit developed by ICLEI with support from the Rockefeller Foundation. The meetings were attended by key officials from various departments of the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) of the two cities. The availability and access to studies and data related to climate change impacts and vulnerability, several urban systems and the city and area development plans were also discussed. As an outcome of the meetings, both cities selected the project nodal officer, formed a draft core committee and a preliminary draft stakeholders committee.
Both, Mandi and Dharamsala are experiencing changes in the overall climate (temperature and rainfall patterns) and subsequent impacts to their urban systems. The ACCCRN project will help them to develop Climate Resilience Strategies to deal with such situations, which can further lead to identification of prioritised projects and financing of such initiatives.
A launching workshop and the first Shared Learning Dialogue (SLD) was organised by the Mandi Municipal Council on 15 July 2014 which was attended by key officials from various departments of the above mentioned ULBs, the citizens’ representatives, other potential stakeholders and the media representatives. Identification of key areas which have already been impacted by various reasons other than climate change and how those impacts can be aggravated by climate change was recognised as the key concern by the participants. Solid waste management, sewerage & storm water drainage, ecosystem, transport and urban planning were identified as the fragile urban systems for both the cities.
For further information on the South Asian activities of the ACCCRN project, visit:
North-east Indian cities advance on their resilience building process
Two new cities – Kurseong and Gangtok, India, are now ready to take action against climate change and have begun the process of building local resilience through a series of introductory meetings (30-31 May 2014 in Kurseong, 2 June 2014 in Gangtok), organised by ICLEI South Asia to kick start the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project. Both cities are experiencing changes in the overall climate and rainfall patterns - the ACCCRN project will help them to develop Climate Resilience Strategies to be better equipped to deal with these and other climate change impacts.
The meetings, attended by key officials from various municipality departments and by other potential stakeholders, aimed at presenting the ACCCRN project and briefly introducing the ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP), a resilience planning toolkit developed by ICLEI with support from the Rockefeller Foundation. The availability and access to studies and data related to climate change impacts and vulnerability, several urban systems and the city and area development plans were also discussed. The stakeholders from both the cities also expressed their concerns on water scarcity, an increase in the number of mosquitoes and an extended summer season, thus calling for actions to be undertaken. As an outcome of the meetings, both cities selected the project nodal officer, formed a draft core committee and a preliminary draft stakeholders committee. It was also decided to organise a launching workshop in both the cities in September 2014.
The South Asian ACCCRN project team also visited Shillong – where the project had already been launched in March 2014, to conduct the second Shared Learning Dialogue (SLD) on 28 May 2014. During the workshop, the vulnerable areas for the prioritized urban systems (water supply, solid waste management and transportation) were identified on the ward level city map; the actors who can be targeted or engaged in the resilience actions in the city were also recognized. Additionally, power supply was recommended by the participants, including members of the core and stakeholder committee, as another fragile urban system to be taken into consideration along with the aforesaid other four systems.
For further information on the South Asian activities of the ACCCRN project, visit:
Launching the ACCCRN project in Northeast India through Shillong
Shillong is one the main project cities under the Rockefeller Foundation funded ACCCRN (Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network) project of ICLEI South Asia where the ICLEI ACCCRN Process, a toolkit developed by ICLEI South Asia, is being applied to help the city develop a Climate Change Resilience Strategy.
A launching workshop and the first stakeholder consultation workshop under the project were organised on 4 March 2014 in Shillong. The aim of the consultation workshop was to introduce the stakeholders to the project, share the findings of implementation of the first part of the toolkit and to introduce the stakeholders to the second part of the toolkit. This workshop was attended by members of the Core Team and Stakeholder Committee formed under the Project (i.e., officers from key government agencies/ institutions and local NGOs).
The workshop was interactive and participants actively participated in assessing climate exposure (projections and scenarios) and fragile urban systems. The stakeholders worked in groups and identified the areas/sectors that face the highest risk in the context of climate change. These sectors were transportation, water supply, solid waste management and urban forest catchment and degradation.
During the next visits to the city, workshops will be organised through shared learning dialogues to map the vulnerabilities of the city, assess the adaptive capacity of the urban systems and the affected actors.
Focus on Indian cities’ responses to climate change at first ACCCRN National Conference
As cities expand and resource footprints extend to regional, national and global levels, it is essential that integrated development decisions should be inclusive and sustainable across scales. This was the focus of the 1st National Conference on Emerging mechanisms and responses of cities to climate change, held in New Delhi, India on 10 December 2013, which looked at the various approaches and experiences in developing resilience across the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) Indian cities.
Organised by TARU Leading Edge with active support from the ACCCRN partners and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the conference looked at resilience across the diverse cross-cutting themes of urbanisation, poverty and climate, bringing together practitioners and experts, showcasing the latest knowledge and implementation work in the region and catalysing policy debate on urban climate change resilience to develop integrated solutions.
Representatives from Shimla and Leh, two of the ACCCRN cities ICLEI South Asia is working with, attended the event as well. Leh Chairman, Mr. Rigzin Spalbar, had the honor of launching the movie "Path to resilience: A tale of two cities", while Shimla Deputy Mayor Panwar took part in the panel discussion on “Synergy across scales: Options for climate change informed urban development”.
Large population, lack of proper infrastructure, and, often, the location in coastal or hazardous areas, make Asian urban centres particularly vulnerable, trying to balance the rapid urbanisation with climate change challenges and the resulting vulnerability. The ACCCRN programme, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, has been designed to support cities in this transition. “More collaboration is needed to achieve change”, said Mr. Ashvin Dayal, Associate Vice President, Managing Director, Asia Rockefeller Foundation, introducing the Urban Climate Change Resilience (UCCR) Partnership, a new trust fund created by The Rockefeller Foundation, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), to support peer to peer learning across cities and institutions and designed to scale up urban climate change resilience in 25 Asian cities.
One of the key objectives of ACCCRN is to share success stories and encourage cities around the world to replicate effective strategies and activities, and this is what the 1st National Conference on Emerging mechanisms and responses of cities to climate change shed light upon.
Some of the main outcomes of this conference were as follows:
The outstanding results of Surat, the ICLEI member city who made it to the first batch of 33 Rockefeller Foundation Resilient Cities, were also shared during the workshop. With a focus on community social resilience and capacity building towards resilience planning, the city has now included for the first time one line on climate change in their municipal budget.
For an additional and complimentary perspective on challenges and solutions to climate change, download the AsianCitiesAdapt Learning Exchange main outcomes!
More information on ICLEI South Asia's ACCCRN activities can be found here.
For more information on ACCCRN, click here.
Click here to view the movie "Path to resilience: A tale of two cities".
Surat among the first 33 Rockefeller Foundation’s Resilient Cities in the world
ICLEI member Surat, India, has been announced as one of the first set of 33 cities for the 100 Resilient Cities Network, a Rockefeller Foundation’s initiative. The only city from South Asia to have made it to the first batch, Surat is one of the 21 ICLEI members to have received support from The Rockefeller Foundation for their urban resilience work. With more than 1,000 registrations and nearly 400 formal applications from cities around the world, each city was asked to present a clear and compelling description of how they are approaching and planning for resilience to decrease vulnerabilities, and after careful review of the applications, a panel of esteemed judges, including former presidents Bill Clinton and Olosegun Obasanjo, recommended the first set of 33 cities for the 100 Resilient Cities Network.
Surat City, one of the fastest growing cities in the world, is experiencing rapid industrialization and migration. It’s also one of the world’s most climate change–effected cities, according to the World Bank Sustainable Development Network. Its most pressing urban resilience priorities are building community and social resilience capacity for responding to floods, preventing vector-born diseases, and improving nutrition, water management and the electric grid. The city has also taken a step forward to become India's first 'eco city', on the lines of Singapore.
Surat Municipal Corporation has set a target of reducing its carbon emission from 3.71 tonne per capita by 35% in three years. ICLEI South Asia, through its myriad projects and initiatives, works towards helping more and more cities to tread the path that Surat and many other sustainable and eco-friendly cities have been walking upon, with the hope that this year it was just one, next year it might be much more!
To know more about The Rockefeller Foundation’s first 33 Resilient Cities, click here.
Singra and Mongla take first steps to become resilient cities
Resilience to climate change will now become a concrete possibility in the Bangladeshi cities of Singra and Mongla. The two municipalities are part of the second phase of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project, that is reaching out to 40 cities in Asia and will use the climate resilience toolkit developed by ICLEI to help them become more resilient. Singra and Mongla, together with Barisal in Bangladesh and Leh, Panaji and Shillong in India, will undertake this resilience process together with ICLEI South Asia in the first phase of this upscaling project.
In August, ICLEI representatives visited Singra and Mongla for a first introductory workshop with city officials and other relevant local stakeholders. The ACCCRN toolkit advocates for stakeholders’ engagement – representatives from local NGOs, universities and research institutes, and from several departments within the municipalities themselves thus sat together and examined the existing and anticipated climatic vulnerabilities of their city, following a shared learning dialogue approach. A first identification of various climatic hazard events was followed by an assessment of the perceived corresponding impacts and an agreement on the positive or negative urban system trends for critical sectors. This analysis led ultimately to the prioritization of the different climate change related risks and impacts.
Whereas Singra - who has faced major droughts in the past - is mostly concerned about water logging and ground water table depletion, Mongla – severely hit by cyclones in the past years – is looking at salinization and siltation as the most critical impacts due to climate change. As next steps in the ACCCRN process, the two cities will now form a Climate Core Team and a Stakeholders’ Group, and proceed with the data collection for each of the priority sectors, focusing on the high and extreme risks; a series of corresponding actions will then be identified and discussed at the next shared learning dialogue .
Rockefeller Foundation Opens 100 Resilient Cities Centennial Challenge
Announced in May, the Challenge is part of the Rockefeller Foundation’s $100 million commitment to building urban resilience in cities around the world. Over the next three years, the Foundation will select 100 cities to become a part of a 100 Resilient Cities Network, and provide them with access to the technical expertise and resources needed to create and implement resilience strategies on a city-wide scale.
“With 75 percent of people expected to live in cities by 2050, it is more important than ever that these urban centers are able to withstand shocks and stresses – natural, climate-driven and man-made – and bounce back more quickly” said Rockefeller Foundation President Judith Rodin. “The Rockefeller Foundation has been on the front lines of urban resilience for nearly a decade, and we look forward to applying our expertise and investment to help more cities weather and emerge stronger from the challenges of our 21st century world.”
Cities will be judged on a range of criteria, including how well they will address the specific needs of poor or vulnerable people inside their municipality. Selected cities will receive:
Support to create a resilience plan, along with the tools, technical support, and resources for implementation.
Membership in the 100 Resilient Cities Network which will provide support to member cities and share new knowledge and resilience best practices.
Support to hire or fund a Chief Resilience Officer (CRO) in their city to oversee the development of a resilience strategy and be part of a learning network of other CROs.
ICLEI South Asia, partner of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), encourages South Asian local governments cities to enter the competition! Contact us if you need support in submitting your application, by writing to email@example.com. The deadline for registering for the Challenge is September 23, 2013.
To learn more about the Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities Centennial Challenge, and to fill out an application, visit www.100resilientcities.org
South Asian cities and tools on stage at Resilient Cities 2013
The ICLEI-ACCCRN Process, developed by the ICLEI South Asia and Oceania Secretariats was also presented at the conference, as one of the main climate resilience planning tools specifically for local governments in Asia currently available. The toolkit, that outlines a simple yet rigorous, and replicable process that developing cities can follow to design climate resilient strategies, was showcased during the session “Enabling local action on adaptation: Planning and policy tools and frameworks”. The issue of resilience planning in Asian cities was further discussed in “Building resilience for the urban poor in Asia: Spotlight on ACCCRN”. The sessions tried to deepen the understanding of the relationship between poverty, vulnerability, and resilience and to showcase tools and frameworks designed to build local capacity for the development and implementation of resilience strategies.
The lively discussions that followed the presentation of the toolkit and of the other interventions led to some interesting insights into the issue of resilience planning, very much in line with the thinking behind the ICLEI-ACCCRN Process. A key message that emerged from both sessions is the necessity to develop multi-stakeholder partnerships and dialogues that allow local governments to actively cooperate with the urban poor in their communities. Vulnerability assessments, as foreseen by the ACCCRN toolkit, must be conducted very early on to develop customized, inclusive and effective policies that will alleviate stress on the urban poor, while allowing the city to work towards increased resilience. Poverty, vulnerability and resilience are all closely connected and need to be addressed simultaneously, shifting the focus of resilience from infrastructure towards equity and inclusion. Framing resilience solutions according to the values of the urban poor will ensure more likely acceptance, ownership and take-up of the planned measures.
Many of the outcomes of the sessions mirror the main learning drawn so far from ICLEI South Asia through the testing of the toolkit in three pilot cities in India: building local capacities and institutional set up to undertake bottom-up processes is crucial to create demand and attract donors; starting with ‘soft measures’ and ensuring political support will considerably increase opportunities for the implementation of the local resilience strategies.
Following the successful testing in the three Indian cities, the toolkit will now be implemented in around 40 cities in the South Asian and South East Asian regions.
ICLEI’s toolkit helps more cities become resilient
Following the successful testing in three Indian cities of the ACCCRN toolkit, a climate resilience planning tool developed by ICLEI South Asia and ICLEI Oceania, six additional cities in South Asia embarked on the 12 months journey that will result in the development of a City Resilience Strategy to be incorporated into the city’s planning processes.
Barisal, Singra and Mongla in Bangladesh, and Shillong, Leh and Panaji in India are part, together with four additional municipalities in the Philippines and Indonesia, of the new batch of cities that, supported by ICLEI South Asia, will go through the different phases of the toolkit, from engagement with local stakeholders, to assessment of impacts and of vulnerabilities, to planning and implementation of a resilience strategy.
“The Rockefeller Foundation and our partners are committed to building a more resilient future. With the completion of the new Guide and Toolkit, this marks an important milestone in efforts to scale up ACCCRN initiatives to more cities and new countries everywhere so that they can prepare for and enable a swifter recovery to shocks and stresses that are only going to increase in frequency and scale" said Heather Grady, Vice President of Foundation Initiatives at the Rockefeller Foundation, speaking at Resilient Cities 2013.
ICLEI and GIZ study helps Panjim and Barisal cities to assess their vulnerabilities
According to a recent ICLEI – MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) survey conducted in 2011, the majority of local governments understand the need to undertake an urban vulnerability assessment to identify the areas, within their urban boundaries, that will be more likely affected by climate change. However, only 39% of the surveyed cities have started (or already finished) such a process.
An urban vulnerability and risk assessment is the first step towards the planning and implementation of a city-specific urban adaptation and resilience strategy. Building on several years of experience in climate change adaptation work in several of its regional offices and drawing from the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) work, ICLEI South Asia in partnership with the Oceania office has developed an urban vulnerability assessment methodology.
Based on this methodology, ICLEI South Asia, with support of GIZ (German Development Corporation), and in collaboration with the each of the city governments, has undertaken a vulnerability assessment study in Panjim, India, and Barisal, Bangladesh. A stakeholder consultation methodology referred to as Shared Learning Dialogues (SLDs) was adopted to engage not only various departments within the city government but also other local stakeholders. Specific tools developed as part of the ICLEI ACCCRN Process were used to facilitate discussions and information sharing at the SLDs.
Currently, at the end of this five-month study, draft reports that identify the key current and future vulnerabilities in terms of sectors, geographical areas and social groups have been prepared for both cities. These reports will soon be finalized in consultation with the respective cities, local stakeholders and GIZ.
ACCCRN to reach an additional 40 Asian cities (November 2012)
Since being awarded a 1.75 million USD grant to work with 40 Asian cities, a workshop for this new phase of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) was held in Delhi on 7-8 November to review the adaptation planning process – or toolkit – which was tested in three Indian cities: Mysore, Bhubaneswar and Shimla.
This toolkit will be adapted and translated for use in Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines. The workshop was conducted by ICLEI South Asia and ICLEI Oceania’s Steve Gawler, and was supported by ACCCRN partners Arup International Development, TARU and Verulam. Three cities are being selected in each country to commence the rollout. The new cities targeted will be located in two countries already working with ACCCRN, India and Indonesia, as well as Bangladesh and the Philippines.
Assessing how vulnerable Bhubaneswar is to climate change (September 2012)
After specific fragile urban systems were identified in Bhubaneswar under the third phase of the Rockefeller Foundation- funded ACCCRN programme, which ICLEI South Asia is implementing in three Indian cities , there was an assessment on how vulnerable and adaptive these systems are to climate change. Similarly, once vulnerable populations and areas (as well as significant actors) were identified, relevant resilience interventions were prioritised. This was done in consultation with the Climate Core Team (which consists of Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation officials) over three days from 3 to 5 September. This process has also been concluded for Mysore and Shimla.
Reviewing the ACCCRN tool (April 2012)
As part of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project, ICLEI South Asia, in collaboration with ARUP is organising a two-day Evaluation Workshop at the Royal Plaza Hotel in New Delhi on 18 and 19 April to assess the effectiveness of the ACCCRN toolkit. In its Dissemination and Replication phase, the project combines everything learnt across 10 pilot cities to develop a tool to help cities come up with Climate Resilience Strategy Plans. The toolkit is being developed by ICLEI and is being implemented and tested in three cities: Bhubaneshwar, Mysore and Shimla. Representatives of the three cities will also be participating in the workshop.
Toolkit being tested in three cities (March 2012)
ICLEI South Asia is currently testing its approach to building climate resilience in Shimla, Bhubaneswar, and Mysore. Each city was visited and a stakeholder meeting was held in Bhubaneswar and Mysore.
After concluding the second phase of the project, which includes a climate research and impacts assessment, ICLEI South Asia is currently conducting a vulnerabilities assessment in each city.
Fragile urban systems have been identified, as well as the impacts projected climate threats would pose on these systems.