Helping Indian cities to identify finance opportunities for adaptation projects
Identifying priority urban resilience and infrastructure investment projects was the main aim of the city visits to Bhubaneswar and Mysore (India) by a team comprised of representatives from ICLEI South Asia and ADAPT Asia-Pacific from 9-13 June 2014. Previously, ICLEI South Asia had been working with these cities to help them develop Climate Resilience Strategies as part of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) project.
Meetings were organised with senior city and state levels representatives as well as other relevant stakeholders involved in improving the delivery of urban services (e.g. Bhubaneswar-Puri Transport Services Limited) in both these cities. In Bhubaneswar, urban transport, affordable housing, water supply, and rehabilitation of water bodies emerged as key sectors that require infrastructure support. Similarly in Mysore, solid waste management, non-motorised transport, storm water drainage and energy security through renewable energy options were sectors that were identified.
The team also initiated the project prioritization and preparation process by collecting data using CDIA’s City Infrastructure Investment Programming and Prioritization (CIIPP) tool.
The next steps in both these cities includes an analysis of their financial situation, identifying, reviewing and developing an improved understanding of potential infrastructure projects under each of the key urban sectors, and organising CIIPP Workshops in each city. A similar process is ongoing in the city of Shimla as well.
Supported by USAID, the ADAPT Asia-Pacific project is a climate change adaptation project preparation facility that not only supports government agencies in the preparation of specific adaptation projects, but also aims to build capacity of governments in the Asia region to independently access climate adaptation financing.
To know more about the programme, visit:
Assessing the scope of ADAPT Finance through city visits
ICLEI South Asia along with its project partners made the first city visit to two of the three project cities, namely Shimla and Bhubaneswar, from 10-14 March 2014 under the project “Climate Adaptation Project Preparation and Financing in Urban India (ADAPT Finance)”. The project team includes ICLEI South Asia, ADAPT Asia Pacific, and Cities Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA).
This project builds on the Climate Resilience Strategies (CRS) developed for these cities under the Rockefeller Foundation supported Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN)program. The ADAPT Finance project aims at reassessing the interventions suggested in the CRS, prioritising the infrastructure projects, and facilitating project preparation and linkages to financing. CDIA’s City Infrastructure Investment Prioritization and Programming (CIIPP) toolkit is being used as a first step that would lead into Pre-feasibility Studies for selected projects. ICLEI South Asia, will work closely with the Climate Core Teams and Stakeholders Groups that were established by the city governments while implementing the ACCCRN program.
During the visit, the scope of the project, process and its timeline were presented to and discussed with high level officials and all the relevant departments in the City. In the next visit the financial and project related data collection would be carried out in the Cities.
Portraying his thoughts on the city visit, Mr. Sanjay Chauhan, Mayor, Shimla Municipal Corporation said, “Climate Change is a global issue with imminent local impacts including the change in the weather and micro climate. Shimla Municipal Corporation would extend all its support to the ADAPT Finance team in accomplishing the tasks under the project and to combat Climate Change”.
Helping cities gain access to adaptation financing
With support from the Rockefeller Foundation and in the framework of the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) ICLEI South Asia assisted three cities in India (Bhubaneswar, Mysore and Shimla) to develop climate resilience strategies based on the assessment of the climate threats they were facing and the anticipated impacts on their vulnerable urban systems and social groups. For this, ICLEI South Asia adopted a methodology called the ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP), a toolkit that analyses urban systems likely to be impacted by climate change, identifies strategies to tackle the impact, conducts assessments to detect greatest vulnerabilities and helps cities prepare climate resilient strategies.
To bring this to the next level, ICLEI South Asia, in collaboration with ADAPT Asia Pacific and Cities Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA), has now laid the path for helping cities move from climate resilience strategies and project preparation to gaining access to finance by introducing the Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation and Financing in Urban India.
Bhubaneswar, Mysore and Shimla will again be the focus of the initiative, which is planning to:
As part of the assessments already undertaken in the three selected cities, a prioritised basket of resilience building interventions is already available. This project will now assess how investable a selection of these interventions is, in terms of social, environmental (including climate change), economical, financial and technical considerations. ICLEI South Asia, with support from CDIA and ADAPT Asia-Pacific, will work closely with the Climate Core Teams and Stakeholder Groups that were established by the city governments while implementing the IAP to complete the project in two phases:
Towards this end, the project will follow, and adapt where necessary, the relevant tools and guidelines developed by CDIA. As a preliminary project kick-off, seven ICLEI staff representing four ICLEI offices attended a training organized by CDIA on their City Infrastructure Investments Prioritization and Programming (CIIPP) and Pre-Feasibility Studies (PFS) toolkits and approaches in January 2014 in Bangkok, Thailand. The CIIPP aims to assist cities and municipalities in coming up with a prioritized list of urban infrastructure investments. CIIPP is an Excel-based tool with three components comprised of 1) financial capacity analysis, 2) project prioritisation, and 3) programming for investment. PFS is a preparatory study which aims “to formulate an integrated, inclusive, and sustainable project that addresses potential institutional, technical, financial, economic, social, and environmental concerns.” The project aims to complete the adaptation pathway by providing linkages to national schemes and other potential donors and defining appropriate mechanisms, thereby meeting demands of both the cities and financiers.